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Kainaat Astronomy in Urdu with Salman Hameed

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A weekly discussion in Urdu about our universe and astronomy with astrophysicist Salman Hameed.
Are these galaxies too big to exist early in the universe? |Urdu/Hindi| Kainaat Gup Shup
27:18

Are these galaxies too big to exist early in the universe? |Urdu/Hindi| Kainaat Gup Shup

There are claims that these galaxies should not exit in the early universe. And yet here they are, detected by the James Webb Space Telescope. The light from these galaxies started when the universe was only 500-800 million years old. These are not the farthest/earliest galaxies - that record belongs to another galaxy, JADES-GS-z13-0, which pushes us to only 320 million years after the beginning of our universe. Here we also talk about the previous record-holder, GN z-11, which has now been observed by JWST and the new observations provide insights about nature of this very young galaxy. Please join astrophysicist Salman Hameed in exploring these galaxies and on how to think about these cutting-edge results in this Urdu/Hindi documentary. Please subscribe Kainaat English here: https://www.youtube.com/@kainaatastronomyinenglish Explore the stunning Pandora's Cluster here: https://esawebb.org/news/weic2305/ Papers referenced in the video: Labbé et al (2023) A population of red candidate massive galaxies ~600 Myr after the Big Bang https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-023-05786-2 Bunker et al (2023) JADES NIRSpec Spectroscopy of GN-z11: Lyman-α emission and possible enhanced nitrogen abundance in a z = 10.60 luminous galaxy https://arxiv.org/pdf/2302.07256.pdf For more information about Kainaat Videos: https://www.kainaatstudios.com/ Salman Hameed has a PhD in astronomy and is Charles Taylor Chair and Professor of Integrated Science & Humanities at Hampshire College, and a member of the Five College Astronomy Department (FCAD) in Massachusetts, USA. He is also the CEO of the non-profit Kainaat Studios Credits: Written & Hosted by: Salman Hameed Edited by: Shehryar Shaikh Music: “Kainaat” by Umer Piracha Subtitles by: DigiCircle Images: Wikipedia, NASA, ESA, JWST, STScI Major Support Provided by: Sahr Foundation Dr. Zafar Iqbal & Dr. Mehr Iqbal PixelEdge Aimen Khan Slavena Emilova Molle AIIR Foundation Our Space Orbiter Donors: Dr. Abdul Nadir Dr. Asad Ansari Dr. Salman Mallick Dr. Tariq Hameed Asif Alam Zubair Faiz Thank you to all our other monthly donors as well! If you want to donate, please visit https://www.kainaatstudios.com/donate AIIR Foundation Chapters: 00:00 Introduction 01:24 New Channel 01:50 Speed of discoveries 05:43 JWST and early galaxies 08:28 6 big galaxies 10:12 Farthest galaxy 10:56 Are these galaxies impossible? 18:14 Spectrum of GN-z11 23:00 Pandoras Cluster
Mirza Ghalib, Caesar, and Comets IUrdu/Hindi| Kainaati Gup Shup
25:59

Mirza Ghalib, Caesar, and Comets IUrdu/Hindi| Kainaati Gup Shup

There is a green comet currently in our night skies. Today we seek out comets with our binoculars and telescopes. But even a few hundred years ago, humans used to associate bad-luck and bad omen at the sight of the comets. Shakespeare wrote about it in his play, Julius Caesar. Comets were mentioned in Akbarnama, the biography of the great Mughal Emperor, Akbar. Mirza Ghalib saw a comet soon before the official British takeover of India in 1858, and, understandably, saw it as a sign of misfortune. But the comet of 1577 also helped overthrow the cosmology of Aristotle, and brought it closer to the shift from an Earth-centric universe to a Sun-centered Solar system. Please join astrophysicist Salman Hameed in exploring not only the history of comets, but also the science behind the color of the green comet, C/2022 E3 (ZTF), in this Urdu/Hindi documentary. Papers referenced in the video: Kapoor (2015) Abul Fazl, Independent Discoverer of the Great Comet of 1577 https://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/2015JAHH...18..249K Kapoor (2018) Historical Note: Reactions of Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar and Laureate Mirza Ghalib to the Celestial Events during 1857-1858 https://insa.nic.in/writereaddata/UpLoadedFiles/IJHS/Vol53_3_2018__Art08.pdf Kapoor (2021) Comet Tales from India: Donati's Comet of 1858 https://www.narit.or.th/files/JAHH/2021JAHHvol24/2021JAHH...24...98K.pdf Borsovski et al. (2021) Photodissociation of dicarbon: How nature breaks an unusual multiple bond: https://www.pnas.org/doi/pdf/10.1073/pnas.2113315118 For more information about Kainaat Videos: https://www.kainaatstudios.com/ Salman Hameed has a PhD in astronomy and is Charles Taylor Chair and Professor of Integrated Science & Humanities at Hampshire College, and a member of the Five College Astronomy Department (FCAD) in Massachusetts, USA. He is also the CEO of the non-profit Kainaat Studios Credits: Host/writer: Salman Hameed Editor: Shehryar Shaikh Music: Umer Piracha Subtitles: DigiCircle Images/animations: NASA; STScI; JWST; Kepler Space Telescope; Wikipedia Major Support Provided by: Sahr Foundation Dr. Zafar Iqbal & Dr. Mehr Iqbal PixelEdge AIIR Foundation Chapters: 00:00 Introduction 01:25 Comets in the night sky 04:04 Comets and Omen 05:05 Julius Caesar 08:04 Comet in Akbarnama 10:54 Istanbul Observatory 12:19 Ghalib and comet 16:09 Tycho Brahe Comet of 1577 20:14 Nature of Comets 22:00 Why is this comet green? 24:20 Conclusion Our Space Orbiter Donors: Dr. Abdul Nadir Dr. Asad Ansari Salman Mallick Dr. Tariq Hameed Zubair Faiz Junaid Qurashi Thank you to all our other monthly donors as well! If you want to donate, please visit https://www.kainaatstudios.com/donate
Chinese Space Program |Urdu/Hindi| Kainaati Gup Shup
23:50

Chinese Space Program |Urdu/Hindi| Kainaati Gup Shup

We often hear about NASA missions to the Moon and Mars. But China has been making some spectacular progress in the arena of space and astronomy. It now has an orbiting space station, successful missions to the Moon and Mars, and is setting its sights on deep space missions to Jupiter and Uranus. Please join astrophysicist Salman Hameed in exploring some of the highlights of Chinese space program in this Urdu/Hindi documentary. You can read China's White Paper on space here: https://english.www.gov.cn/archive/whitepaper/202201/28/content_WS61f35b3dc6d09c94e48a467a.html China’s Mars rover finds hints of catastrophic floods: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-022-03056-1 For more information about Kainaat Videos: https://www.kainaatstudios.com/ Salman Hameed has a PhD in astronomy and is Charles Taylor Chair and Professor of Integrated Science & Humanities at Hampshire College, and a member of the Five College Astronomy Department (FCAD) in Massachusetts, USA. He is also the CEO of the non-profit Kainaat Studios Credits: Host/writer: Salman Hameed Editor: Shehryar Shaikh Music: Umer Piracha Subtitles: DigiCircle Images/animations: NASA; STScI; JWST; Kepler Space Telescope; Wikipedia Major Support Provided by: Sahr Foundation Dr. Zafar Iqbal & Dr. Mehr Iqbal PixelEdge AIIR Foundation Our Space Orbiter Donors: Dr. Abdul Nadir Dr. Asad Ansari Salman Mallick Dr. Tariq Hameed Zubair Faiz Junaid Qurashi Thank you to all our other monthly donors as well! If you want to donate, please visit https://www.kainaatstudios.com/donate Chapters: 00:00 Introduction 01:17 A New Space Race 07:55 Tiangong Space Station 11:21 Xuntian Space Telescope 13:13 Chang'e Missions to the Moon 18:40 Chinese rover on Mars 21:17 Future Missions
Super-Earths Mostly Made Up of Water |Urdu/Hindi| Kainaat Astronomy in Urdu
19:59

Super-Earths Mostly Made Up of Water |Urdu/Hindi| Kainaat Astronomy in Urdu

Astronomers have detected over 5000 exoplanets so far. Some of these are slightly bigger than Earth and are called Super-Earths. Now we have discovered that two of these Super-Earths are mostly made up of water. Please join astrophysicist Salman Hameed in this conversation about how we detect exoplanets. #astronomy #exoplanets #urdu #hindi #sciencedocumentary #kainaatastronomyinurdu #salmanhameed Links: Look for Exoplanets here: https://exoplanets.nasa.gov/ Dawn article about Pakistan's Exoplanet: https://www.dawn.com/news/1527254 Article referenced in the video: Piaulet, C., Benneke, B., Almenara, J.M. et al. Evidence for the volatile-rich composition of a 1.5-Earth-radius planet. Nat Astron (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41550-022-01835-4 For more information about Kainaat Videos: https://www.kainaatstudios.com/ Salman Hameed has a PhD in astronomy and is Charles Taylor Chair and Professor of Integrated Science & Humanities at Hampshire College, and a member of the Five College Astronomy Department (FCAD) in Massachusetts, USA. He is also the CEO of the non-profit Kainaat Studios Credits: Host/writer: Salman Hameed Editor: Shehryar Shaikh Music: Umer Piracha Subtitles: DigiCircle Images/animations: NASA; STScI; JWST; Kepler Space Telescope; Wikipedia Major Support Provided by: Sahr Foundation Dr. Zafar Iqbal & Dr. Mehr Iqbal PixelEdge AIIR Foundation Our Space Orbiter Donors: Dr. Abdul Nadir Dr. Asad Ansari Salman Mallick Dr. Tariq Hameed Zubair Faiz Thank you to all our other monthly donors as well! If you want to donate, please visit https://www.kainaatstudios.com/donate Chapters: 00:00 Introduction 00:54 5000 Exoplanets! 03:28 Pakistan Exoplanet 04:21 Transit method to find exoplanets 08:39 Kepler 138 system 11:02 Water on two Super-Earths 15:38 James Webb and WASP-39b 17:55 Conclusion
Stars Without Galaxies! | Urdu/Hindi | Kainaat Astronomy in Urdu
17:09

Stars Without Galaxies! | Urdu/Hindi | Kainaat Astronomy in Urdu

#astronomy #galaxies #kainaatastronomyinurdu Our Sun is part of the Milky Way galaxy. But can there be stars without a galaxy? And if so, how do they get out of the galaxy? Over the past couple of decades, astronomers have started detecting inter-galactic stars, stars that reside in the space between galaxies. As it turns out, these stars can provide us with important information about the distribution of dark matter as well. Please join astrophysicist Salman Hameed to talk about these rogue stars in this episode of Kainaati Gup Shup. Papers mentioned in the video: Ferguson, H., Tanvir, N. & von Hippel, T. Detection of intergalactic red-giant-branch stars in the Virgo cluster. Nature 391, 461–463 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1038/35087 Mireia Montes and Ignacio Trujillo 2022 ApJL 940 L51 DOI 10.3847/2041-8213/ac98c5 For more information about Kainaat Videos: https://www.kainaatstudios.com/ Salman Hameed has a PhD in astronomy and is Charles Taylor Chair and Professor of Integrated Science & Humanities at Hampshire College, and a member of the Five College Astronomy Department (FCAD) in Massachusetts, USA. He is also the CEO of the non-profit Kainaat Studios Credits: Host/writer: Salman Hameed Editor: Shehryar Shaikh Music: Umer Piracha Subtitles: DigiCircle Images/animations: IceCube Collaboration; NASA/JPL; STScI; Wikipedia Support Provided by: Sahr Foundation Dr. Zafar Iqbal & Dr. Mehr Iqbal PixelEdge AIIR Foundation Chapters: 00:00 Introduction 00:48 Location of Sun 04:20 Discovery of Rogue Stars 09:00 Galaxy Collisions 11:22 Hypervelocity Stars 13:00 Mapping Dark Matter 15:44 Conclusion
Neutrinos from a galaxy 47 million light years away! |Urdu/Hindi| Kainaat Astronomy in Urdu
20:34

Neutrinos from a galaxy 47 million light years away! |Urdu/Hindi| Kainaat Astronomy in Urdu

We usually use light to learn about the universe. However, there is an exciting new field of neutrino astronomy that uses a small particle to get information about the heart of exploding stars or the conditions near a supermassive black hole. IceCube Neutrino Observatory uses 1 cubic kilometer of ice to detect neutrinos. Recently, it found 80 neutrinos coming from the galaxy, NGC 1068 (M77) and its supermassive blackhole. Please join astrophysicist Salman Hameed in exploring the ways astronomers use neutrinos in understanding objects in the universe. #urdu #hindi #sciencedocumentary #astronomy #neutrinos #IceCube #salmanhameed #kainaat Papers mentioned in the video: Evidence for neutrino emission from the nearby active galaxy NGC 1068, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abg3395 Multimessenger observations of a flaring blazar coincident with high-energy neutrino IceCube-170922A https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat1378 Please learn about IceCube Neutrino Observatory here: https://icecube.wisc.edu/ For more information about Kainaat Videos: https://www.kainaatstudios.com/ Salman Hameed has a PhD in astronomy and is Charles Taylor Chair and Professor of Integrated Science & Humanities at Hampshire College, and a member of the Five College Astronomy Department (FCAD) in Massachusetts, USA. He is also the CEO of the non-profit Kainaat Studios Credits: Host/writer: Salman Hameed Editor: Shehryar Shaikh Music: Umer Piracha Subtitles: DigiCircle Images/animations: IceCube Collaboration; NASA/JPL; STScI; Wikipedia Support Provided by: Sahr Foundation AIIR Foundation PixelEdge Chapters: 00:00 Introduction 01:07 Neutrinos in astronomy 05:54 Detecting Neutrinos 07:08 IceCube Neutrino Observatory 09:31 How does IceCube detect neutrinos 11:48 Neutrino from a Blazar 13:29 Neutrinos from NGC 1068 17:02 Cosmic Neutrino Background
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